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Publications

[2000 - present]  [1988 - 2000]

For publications available in .pdf format, please click here.

This list was updated on 5/14/17

Summary of all publications by Dr. Baumeister: 618 publications, including 295 refereed journal articles

- In Press -

Baumeister, R.F. (in press) Self-regulation and conscientiousness. In E. Diener & R. Biswas-Diener (Eds.), Noba textbook series: Psychology. Champaign, IL: DEF Publishers.

Baumeister, R.F. (in press). Free will and the human essence: Responsible autonomy, meaning, and cultural participation. In M. van Zomeren & J. Dovidio (Eds.), Handbook of human essence.

Baumeister, R.F. (in press). Free will and moral psychology. In K. Gray & J. Graham (Eds.), Atlas of moral psychology. New York: Guilford.

Finkenauer, C., Buyukcan-Tetik, A., Schoemaker, K., Willems, Y. E., Bartels, M., & Baumeister, R. F. (in press). Examining the role of self-regulatory strength in family violence. In D. de Ridder, Adriaanse, M., & Fuijta, K. (Eds.) The Routledge International Handbook of Self-Control in Health and Wellbeing. Abington, UK: Rutledge.

Baumeister, R.F., Clark, C.J., & Kim, J. (in press). Pragmatic prospection emphasizes utility of predicting rather than mere predictability. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Baumeister, R.F., Clark, C.J., Kim, J., & Lau, S. (in press). Consumers (and consumer researchers) need conscious thinking in addition to unconscious processes: A call for integrative models. Journal of Consumer Research.

Baumeister, R.F. (in press). Human nature as cultural animals: People evolved to use culture for survival and reproduction. Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture.

Maranges, H.M.,  Baumeister, R.F., & Schmeichel, B.J. (in press). Comparing cognitive load and self-regulatory depletion: Effects on emotions and cognitions. Learning and Instruction. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2016.10.010

Baumeister, R.F., & Tice, D.M. (in press). The social animal encounters social rejection: Cognitive, behavioral, emotional, and interpersonal effects of being excluded. In J. Aronson & E. Aronson (Eds)., Readings about the social animal (12th edn.). New York: Worth/Freeman.

Vonasch, A.J., Clark, C.J., Lau, S., Vohs, K.D., & Baumeister, R.F. (in press). Ordinary people associate addiction with loss of free will. Addictive Behaviors Reports.

Baumeister, R.F. (in press). Addiction, cigarette smoking, and voluntary control of action: Do cigarette smokers lose their free will? Addictive Behaviors Reports. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2017.01.003

Uziel, L., & Baumeister, R.F. (in press). The self-control irony: Desire for self-control limits exertion of self-control in demanding settings. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

Baumeister, R.F., & Vohs, K.D. (in press). Revisiting our reappraisal of the (surprisingly few) benefits of high self-esteem. Perspectives on Psychological Science.

Winegard, B., Winegard, B., Reynolds, T., Baumeister, R. F., & Geary, D. C. (2017). One's better half: Romantic partners function as social signals. Evolutionary Psychological Sciences.

Banker, S., Ainsworth, S.E., Baumeister, R.F., Ariely, D., & Vohs, K.D. (in press). The sticky anchor hypothesis: Ego depletion increases susceptibility to situational cues. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making.

Wiese, C., Tay, L., Duckworth, A., D’Mello, S., Kuykendall, L., Hofmann, W., Baumeister, R., & Vohs, K. (in press). Too much of a good thing? Exploring the inverted-U relationship between self-control and happiness. Journal of Personality.

- 2017 -

Baumeister, R.F., & Bushman, B.J. (2017). Social psychology and human nature (4th Edn). Belmont, CA: Cengage.

Monroe, A.E., Ainsworth, S.E., Vohs, K.D., & Baumeister, R.F. (2017). Fearing the future? Increasing future-oriented thought leads to heightened aversion to risky investments, trust, and immorality. Social Cognition, 35, 66-78.

Clark, C.J., Baumeister, R.F., & Ditto, P.H. (2017). Making punishment palatable: Belief in free will alleviates punitive distress. Consciousness and Cognition, 51, 193-211.

Vonasch, A.J., & Baumeister, R.F. (2017). Unjustified side effects were strongly intended: Taboo tradeoffs and the side-effect effect. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 68, 83-92.

Park, J., & Baumeister, R.F. (2017). Meaning in life and adjustment to daily stressors. Journal of Positive Psychology, 12, 333-341. Doi: 10.1080/17439760.2016.1209542

Baker, L.R., & Baumeister, R.F. (2017). In K. Williams & S. Nida (Eds.), Ostracism, exclusion, and rejection (pp. 29-45). New York: Psychology Press.

- 2016 -

Seligman, M., Railton, P., & Baumeister, R., & Sripada, C. (2016). Homo Prospectus. New York: Oxford University Press. 

Vohs, K.D., & Baumeister, R.F. (Eds.) (2016). Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (3rd Edition). New York: Guilford.

Baumeister, R.F., Ainsworth, S.E., & Vohs, K.D. (2016). Are groups more or less than the sum of their members? The moderating role of individual identification. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 39, e137. (Target article.) doi:10.1017/S0140525X15000618.

Baumeister, R.F., & Vohs, K.D. (2016). Strength model of self-regulation as limited resource: Assessment, controversies, update. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 54, 67-127. Doi: 10.1016/bs.aesp.2016.04.001

Baumeister, R.F., Vohs, K.D., & Oettingen, G. (2016). Pragmatic prospection: How and why people think about the future. Review of General Psychology, 20, 3-16. Doi: 10.1037/gpr0000060

Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Toward a general theory of motivation: Problems, challenges, opportunities, and the big picture. Motivation and Emotion, 40, 1-10. Doi: 10.1007/s11031-015-9521-y

DeWall, C.N., Baumeister, R.F., Chester, D.S., & Bushman, B.J. (2016). How often does currently felt emotion predict social behavior and judgment? A meta-analytic test of two theories. Emotion Review, 8, 136-163.

Donnelly, G.E., Ksendzova, M., Howell, R.T., Vohs, K.D., & Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Buying to blunt negative feelings: Materialistic escape from the self. Review of General Psychology, 20, 272-316. Doi: 10.1037/grp0000078

Feldman, G., Wong, K.F.E., & Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Bad is freer than good: Positive-negative asymmetry in attributions of free will. Consciousness and Cognition, 42, 26-40.

Crescioni, A.W., Baumeister, R.F., Ainsworth, S.E., Ent, M.R., & Lambert, N.M. (2016). Subjective correlates and consequences of belief in free will. Philosophical Psychology, 29, 41-63.

Winegard, B., Reynolds, T., Baumeister, R.F., & Plant, E.A. (2016). The coalitional value theory of anti-gay bias. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, 10, 245-269.

Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Charting the future of social psychology on stormy seas: Winners, losers, and recommendations. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 66, 153-158.

Liu, D., Ainsworth, S. E., & Baumeister, R.F. (2016). A meta-analysis of social networking online and social capital. Review of General Psychology, 20, 363-391.

Liu, D., & Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Social networking online and personality of self-worth: A meta-analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 64, 79-89.

Bertrams, A., Baumeister, R.F., & Englert, C. (2016). Higher self-control capacity predicts lower anxiety-impaired cognition during math examinations. Frontiers in Psychology: Educational Psychology, 7, 485. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00485.

Cunningham, M.R., & Baumeister, R.F. (2016). How to make nothing out of something: Analyses of the impact of study sampling and statistical interpretation in misleading meta-analytic conclusions. Frontiers in Psychology: Personality and Social Psychology, 7, 1639. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01639.

Baumeister, R.F., & Vohs, K.D. (2016). Misguided effort with elusive implications. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11, 574-575.

Ainsworth, S. E., Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2016). Differentiation of individual selves facilitates group-level benefits of ultrasociality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 39, e167. doi:10.1017/S0140525X15001697.

Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Limited resources for self-regulation: A current overview of the strength model. In E. Hirt, J. Clarkson, & L. Jia (Eds.), Self-regulation and ego control (pp. 1-15). San Diego, CA: Elsevier.

Vohs, K.D., & Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Handbook of self-regulation: Preface. In K. Vohs & R. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation (3rd Edn., pp. x-xii). New York: Guilford.

Maranges, H.M., & Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Self-control and ego depletion. In K. Vohs & R. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation (3rd Edn., pp. 42-61). New York: Guilford.

Monroe, A.E., Vohs, K.D., & Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Free will evolved for morality and culture. In A. Miller (Ed.), The social psychology of good and evil (2nd Edn., pp. 41-51). New York: Guilford.

Reynolds, T., & Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Self-control, cultural animals, and big gods. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 39, 36-37. doi:10.1017/S0140525X15000515, e0

Schütz, A., & Baumeister, R.F. (2016) Positive illusions and the happy mind. In M. Robinson & M. Eid (Eds.), The happy mind: Cognitive contributions to well-being. New York: Springer.

Vonasch, A.J., Maranges, H.M., & Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Self-regulation, controlled processes, and the treatment of addiction. In N. Heather & G. Segal (Eds.), Addiction and choice: Rethinking the relationship (pp. 286-306). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Inner processes serve interpersonal functions: On self-presentation, the need to belong, social exclusion, and human nature as cultural animals. In R. Sternberg, D. Foss, & S. Fiske (Eds.), Scientists making a difference (pp. 279-282). New York: Cambridge.

Vohs, K.D., & Baumeister, R.F. (2016). Introduction to special issue: The science of prospection. Review of General Psychology, 20, 1-2.

- 2015 -

Daly, M., Delaney, L., Egan, M., & Baumeister, R.F. (2015). Childhood self-control and unemployment throughout the lifespan: Evidence from two British cohort studies. Psychological Science, 26, 709-723. Doi: 10.1177/0956797615569001

Alquist, J.L., Ainsworth, S.E., Baumeister, R.F., Daly, M., & Stillman, T.F. (2015). The making of might-have-beens: Effects of free will belief on counterfactual thinking. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41, 268-283. doi:10.1177/0146167214563673

Park, J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2015). Social exclusion causes a shift toward prevention motivation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 56, 153-159. Doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2014.09.011

Lau, S., Hiemisch, A., & Baumeister, R.F. (2015). The experience of freedom in decisions — Questioning philosophical belief in favor of psychological determinants. Consciousness and Cognition, 33, 30-46. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2014.11.008

Knowles, M.L., Lucas, G.M., Baumeister, R.F. & Gardner, W.L. (2015). Choking under social pressure: Social monitoring among the lonely. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41, 805-821.

Bertrams, A., Baumeister, R.F., Englert, C., & Furley, P. (2015). Ego depletion in color priming research: Self-control strength moderates the detrimental effect of red on cognitive test performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41, 311-322. doi:10.1177/0146167214564968

Baumeister, R.F., Alquist, J.L., & Vohs, K.D. (2015). Illusions of learning: Irrelevant emotions inflate judgments of learning. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 28, 149-158. Doi: 10.1002/bdm.1836

Baumeister, R.F. (2015: April). Conquer yourself, conquer the world. Scientific American, 312 (4), 61-65.

Ent, M. R., Baumeister, R. F., & Tice, D. M. (2015). Trait self-control and the avoidance
of temptation. Personality and Individual Differences, 74, 12-15. Doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.09.031

Ent, M.R., & Baumeister, R.F. (2015). Individual differences in guilt proneness affect how people respond to moral tradeoffs between harm avoidance and obedience to authority. Personality and Individual Differences, 74, 231-234.

Baumeister, R.F., & Vonasch, A.J. (2015). Uses of self-regulation to facilitate and restrain addictive behavior. Addictive Behaviors, 44, 3-8. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.09.011

Reynolds, T., Winegard, B. M., Baumeister, R. F., & Maner, J. K. (2015). The long goodbye: A test of grief as a social signal. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, 9, 20-42. doi:10.1037/ebs0000032

Daly, M., Delaney, L., & Baumeister, R.F. (2015). Self-control, future orientation, smoking, and the impact of Dutch tobacco control measures. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 1, 89-96. Doi: 10.1016/j.abrep.2015.07.002

Finkenauer, C., Buyukcan-Tetik, A., Baumeister, R.F., Shoemaker, K., Bartels, M., & Vohs, K.D. (2015). Out of control: Identifying the role of self-control strength in family violence. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24, 261-266. DOI: 10.1177/0963721415570730

Baumeister, R.F., Simpson, W.S., Ware, S.J., & Weber, D.S. (2015). The glucose model of mediation: Physiological bases of willpower as important explanations for common mediation behavior. Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal, 15, 377-413.

Baumeister, R.F. (2015). Recognizing and coping with our own prejudices: Fighting liberal bias without conservative input. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 38, 15-16. Doi: 10.1017/S0525X14001423, e132

Vohs, K.D., & Baumeister, R.F. (2015). Correcting some misrepresentations about gender and Sexual Economics Theory: Comment on Rudman and Fetteroff (2014). Psychological Science, 26, 1522-1523.

Baumeister, R. F. (2015). Emergence of personhood: Lessons from self and identity. In M. Jeeves (Ed.), The emergence of personhood: A quantum leap? (pp. 68-83). Grand Rapids, MI & Cambridge, U.K.: Eerdmans.

Baumeister, R.F., Clark, C., & Luguri, J. (2015). Free will: Belief and reality. In A. Mele (Ed.), Surrounding free will (pp.49-71). New York: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R.F., & Alghamdi, N. (2015). Role of self-control failure in immoral and unethical actions. Current Opinion in Psychology, 6, 66-69.

Baumeister, R.F. (2015). Wo ein Wille ist… [“Where there’s a will…”]. Gehirn und Geist, November, 19-23.

Baumeister, R.F., & Alghamdi, N. (2015). Resource-based interventions in the workplace: Integration, commentary, and recommendations. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 88, 623-629.

Hofmann, W., Kotabe, H.P., Vohs, K.D., & Baumeister, R.F. (2015). Desire and desire regulation. In W. Hofmann & L.F. Nordgren (Eds.), The psychology of desire (pp. 61-81). New York: Guilford.

MacKenzie, M.J., & Baumeister, R.F. (2015). Self-regulatory strength and mindfulness. In B. Ostafin, M. Robinson, & B. Meier (Eds.), Handbook of mindfulness and self-regulation (pp. 95-106). New York: Springer.

- 2014 -

Baumeister, R.F., & Bushman, B.J. (2014). Social psychology and human nature (3rd edition). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth / Cengage.

Clark, C. J., Luguri, J. B., Ditto, P. H., Knobe, J., Shariff, A. F., & Baumeister, R. F. (2014). Free to punish: A motivated account of free will belief. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106, 501-513. Doi: 10.1037/a0035880

Baumeister, R.F., & Monroe, A.E. (2014). Recent research on free will: Conceptualizations, beliefs, and processes. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 50, 1-52.

Shariff, A.F., Greene, J.D., Karremans, J.C., Luguri, J., Clark, C. J., Schooler, J.W., Baumeister, R.F. & Vohs, K.D. (2014). Free will and punishment: A mechanistic view of human nature reduces retribution. Psychological Science, 25, 1563-1570. Doi: 10.1177/0956797614534693

Winegard, B., Reynolds, T., Baumeister, R.F., Winegard, B.M., & Maner, J.K. (2014). Grief functions as an honest indicator of commitment. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 18, 168-186. DOI: 10.1177/1088868314521016

MacKenzie, M.J., Vohs, K.D., & Baumeister, R.F. (2014). You didn’t have to do that: Belief in free will promotes gratitude. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, 1423-1434.

Hofmann, W., Luhmann, M., Fisher, R. R., Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2014). Yes, but are they happy? Effects of trait self-control on affective well-being and life satisfaction. Journal of Personality, 82, 265-277. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12050

Ainsworth, S.E., Baumeister, R.F., Vohs, K.D., & Ariely, D. (2014). Ego depletion decreases trust in economic decision making. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 54, 40-49. Doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2014.04.004.

Gröpel, P., Baumeister, R.F., & Beckmann, J. (2014). Action versus state orientation and self-control performance after depletion. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40(4), 476-487. Doi: 10.1177/0146167213516636

Daly, M. Baumeister, R.F., Delany, L., & MacLachlan, M. (2014). Self-control and its relation to emotions and psychobiology: Evidence from a Day Reconstruction Method study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37,81-93. doi: 10.1007/s10865-012-9470-9.

Ent, M.R., & Baumeister, R.F. (2014). Embodied free will beliefs: Some effects of physical states on metaphysical opinions. Consciousness and Cognition, 27, 147-154. Doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2014.05.001

Baumeister, R.F. (2014). Self-regulation, ego depletion, and inhibition. Neuropsychologia, 65, 313-319. Doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2014.07.012

Feldman, G., Baumeister, R. F., & Wong, K. F. E. (2014). Free will is about choosing: The
link between choice and the belief in free will. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 55, 239-245. Doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2014.07.012

Lobbestael, J., Baumeister, R.F., Fiebig, T., & Eckel, L.A. (2014). The role of grandiose and vulnerable narcissism in self-reported and laboratory aggression and testosterone reactivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 69, 22-27.

Baumeister, R. F. (2014). Constructing a scientific theory of free will. In W. Sinnott-Armstrong (Ed.), Moral psychology (Vol. 4): Free will and responsibility (pp. 235-255). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gailliot, M.T., Zell, A., & Baumeister, R.F. (2014). Having used self-control reduces emotion regulation — emotion regulation as relying on interchangeably used “self-control energy.” Open Access Library Journal, 1, e1017. Doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101017

Gailliot, M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2014). Race, crime, intellectual performance — and food: Poor nutrition contributes to racial differences in violence and SAT scores. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 1, 34-40.

Baumeister, R.F., & al-Ghamdi, N. (2014). Relevance of willpower dynamics, self-control, and ego depletion to flawed student decision making. International Journal of Education and Social Science, 1, 147-155.

Baumeister, R. F., & Bargh, J. A. (2014) Conscious and unconscious: Toward an integrative understanding of human mental life and action. In J. Sherman, B. Gawronski, & Y. Trope (Eds.), Dual process theories of the social mind (pp. 35-49). New York: Guilford Press.

Baumeister, R. F., Masicampo, E. J., & Twenge, J. M. (2014). The social self. In I. Weiner (Ed.), Comprehensive handbook of psychology, 2nd Edn; T. Millon & M.J. Lerner (Eds.), Volume 5: Personality and social psychology (pp. 454-504). New York: Wiley.

Baumeister, R.F., Schmeichel, B.J., & DeWall, C.N. (2014). Creativity and consciousness: Evidence from psychology experiments. In E. Paul & S. Kaufman (Eds.), The philosophy of creativity: New essays (pp. 185-198). New York: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R.F., & MacKenzie, M. J. (2014). The value of marriage in the era of the glorified self. Psychological Inquiry, 25, 53-55. Doi: 10.1080/1047840X.2014.876906

Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., & Masicampo, E. (2014). Maybe it helps to be conscious, after all: Commentary on Newell and Shanks. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 20-21.

MacKenzie, M. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2014). Meaning in life: Nature, needs, and myths.
In A. Batthyany & P. Russo-Netzer (Eds.), Meaning in positive and existential psychology (pp. 25-37). New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-0308-5_2

Baumeister, R.F. (2014). Grateful responses to thoughtful comments by Holton, Payne, and Cameron. In W. Sinnott-Armstrong (Ed.), Moral psychology (Vol. 4): Free will and responsibility. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

- 2013 -

Seligman, M. E. P., Railton, P.,  Baumeister, R. F., & Sripada, C. (2013) Navigating into the future or driven by the past. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8, 119-141. Doi: 10.1177/174569161247317.

Yang, Q., Wu, X., Zhou, X., Mead, N. L., Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2013). Diverging effects of clean versus dirty money on attitudes, values, and interpersonal behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 473-489.

Alquist, J. L., Ainsworth, S. E., & Baumeister, R. F. (2013). Determined to conform: Disbelief in free will increases conformity. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 80-86.

Bertrams, A., Englert, C., Dickhäuser, O., & Baumeister, R.F. (2013). Role of self-control strength in the relation between anxiety and cognitive performance. Emotion, 13, 668–680. doi:10.1037/a0031921.

Lambert, N.M., Stillman, T.F., Hicks, J.A., Baumeister, R.F., Kamble, S., & Fincham, F.D. (2013). To belong is to matter: Sense of belonging enhances meaning in life. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 1418-1427. Doi 10.1177/0146167213499186

Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., Aaker, J. L., & Garbinsky, E. N. (2013). Some key differences between a happy life and a meaningful life. Journal of Positive Psychology, 8, 505-516. DOI:10.1080/17439760.2013.830764.

Baumeister, R. F. (2013). Self-control, fluctuating willpower, and forensic practice. British Journal of Forensic Psychology, 15, 85-96. Doi: 10.1108/14636641311322278

Lambert, N. M., Gwinn, A. M., Baumeister, R. F., Strachman, A., Washburn, I. J., Gable, S. L.,  & Fincham, F. D. (2013). A boost of positive affect: The perks of sharing positive experiences. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 30, 24-43. DOI: 10.1177/0265407512449400

Hofmann, W., Adriaanse, M., Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2013). Dieting and
the self‐control of eating in everyday environments: An experience sampling study. British Journal of Health Psychology, 19(3), 523-529. doi: 10.1111/bjhp.12053

Gitter, S. A., Ewell, P. J., Guadagno, R. E., Stillman, T. F., & Baumeister, R. F. (2013). Virtually justifiable homicide: The effects of prosocial contexts on the link between violent video games, aggression, and prosocial and hostile cognition. Aggressive Behavior, 39(5), 346-354. doi: 10.1002/ab.21487

Gebauer, J. E., Baumeister, R. F., Sedikides, C., & Neberich, W. (2013). Satisfaction–
Adaptation principles in sexual desire: Exploring gender differences across the life span. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5(2), 176-184. doi: 10.1177/1948550613490970.

Masicampo, E.J., & Baumeister, R.F. (2013). Conscious thought does not guide moment-to-moment actions — it serves social and cultural functions. Frontiers in Cognition, 4, Article 478. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00478

Baumeister, R.F. (2013). The meanings of life. Aeon, http://www.aeonmagazine.com/world-views/do-you-want-a-meaningful-life-or-a-happy-one/. 16 September.

Baumeister, R.F. (2013). Do you really have free will? Slate.com, Sept 25. http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2013/09/free_will_debate_what_does_free_will_mean_and_how_did_it_evolve.html

Ainsworth, S. E., & Baumeister, R. F. (2013). Cooperation and fairness depend on self-regulation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 79-80. Doi:10.1017/S0140525X12000696

Baumeister, R.F., Park, J., & Ainsworth, S.E. (2013). Individual identity and freedom of choice in the context of environmental and economic conditions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 484. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X13000058

Vonasch, A. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2013). Implications of free will beliefs for basic theory and societal benefit: Critique and implications for social psychology. British Journal of Social Psychology, 52, 219-227. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8309.2012.02102.x

Baumeister, R. F. (2013). Gender differences in motivation shape social interaction patterns, sexual relationships, social inequality, and cultural history. In M. Ryan & N. Branscombe (Eds.), Sage Handbook of Gender and Psychology (pp. 270-285). London: Sage.

Sripada, C., Railton, P., Baumeister, R.F., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2013). Reply to comments. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8, 151-154. Doi: 10.1177/1745691613745629.

Stillman, T.F., & Baumeister, R.F. (2013). Social rejection reduces intelligent thought and self-regulation. In C.N. DeWall (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of social exclusion (pp. 312-139). New York: Oxford University Press.

Pizarro, D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2013). Superhero comics as moral pornography. In Our superheroes, ourselves (pp. 19-36). New York: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R.F., & Vohs, K.D. (2013). Recent empirical findings on meaning and how it differs from happiness: A socially psychological perspective. International Forum for Logotherapy, 36, 87-94.

Zell, A.L., & Baumeister, R.F. (2013). How religion can support self-control and moral behavior. In. R. Paloutzian & C. Park (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality (2nd Edn.), pp. 498-516. New York: Guilford.

Crescioni, A.W., & Baumeister, R.F. (2013). The four needs for meaning, the value gap, and how (and whether) society can fill the void. In J. Hicks & C. Routledge (Eds.), The experience of meaning in life (pp. 3-15). New York: Springer.

Haidt, J., Greene, J., Harris, S., Baumeister, R., Bloom, P., Pizarro, D., & Knobe, J. (2013). The new science of morality: An Edge conference. In J. Brockman (Ed.), Thinking (pp. 292-385). New York: Harper Perennial.

Bauer, I.M., & Baumeister, R.F. (2013). Self-knowledge. In D. Reisberg (Ed.), Oxford handbook of cognitive psychology (pp. 905-917). New York: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R.F. (2013). Passion follows change. In L. Bormans, World book of love (pp. 278-281). Belgium: Lannoo Publishers.

- 2012 -

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (Eds.) (2012). New directions in social psychology, Volumes I-V. London: Sage.

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (Eds.) (2012). Self and identity, Volumes I-V. London: Sage.

Hofmann, W., Baumeister, R. F., Förster, G., & Vohs, K. D. (2012). Everyday temptations: An experience sampling study of desire, conflict, and self-control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 1318-1335. doi: 10.1037/a0026545

Zhou, X., He, L., Yang, Q., Lao, J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). Control deprivation and styles of thinking. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 460-478. doi: 10.1037/a0026316

De Ridder, D., Lensvelt-Mulders, G., Finkenauer, C., Stok, F. M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). Taking stock of self-control: A meta-analysis of how trait self-control relates to a wide range of behaviors. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 16, 76-99. doi: 10.1177/1088868311418749

Hofmann, W., Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). What people desire, feel conflicted about, and try to resist in everyday life.Psychological Science, 23, 582-588. doi: 10.1177/0956797612437426

Vohs, K. D., Baumeister, R. F., & Schmeichel, B. J. (2012). Motivation, personal beliefs, and limited resources all contribute to self-control. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 184-188.

Uziel, L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). The effect of public social context on self-control: Depletion for neuroticism and restoration for impression management. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38, 384-396. doi: 10.1177/0146167211427310

Masicampo, E. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). Committed but closed-minded: When making a specific plan for a goal hinders success. Social Cognition, 30, 37-55. doi: 10.1521/soco.2012.30.1.37

Lambert, N. M., Baumeister, R. F., Stillman, T. F., & Fincham, F. D. (2012). Family and meaning: Examining the four needs for meaning as mediators. International Journal of Existential Psychology and Psychotherapy, 4, 30-44.

Baumeister, R. F., & Brewer, L. E. (2012). Believing versus disbelieving in free will: Correlates and consequences. Personality and Social Psychology Compass, 6/10, 736-745. Doi: 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2012.00458.x

Alquist, J. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). Self-control: Limited resources and extensive benefits. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 3, 419-423.

Ent, M. R., Baumeister, R. F. and Vonasch, A. J. (2012). Power, leadership, and self-regulation. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 6, 619–630. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2012.00446

Ainsworth, S. E., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). Changes in sexuality: How sexuality changes across time, across relationships, and across sociocultural contexts. Clinical Neuropsychiatry: Journal of Treatment Evaluation, 9, 32-38.

Baumeister, R.F. (2012). Self-control, willpower, and ego depletion. The Psychologist, 25, 112-115.

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2012). Sexual economics, culture, men, and social trends. Society, 49, 520-524, doi: 10.1007/s12115-012-9596-y.

Gailliot, M. T., Baker, M. D., Gitter, S. A., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). Breaking the rules: Low trait or state self-control increases norm violations. Psychology, 12, 1074-1083. Doi: 10.4236/psych.2012.312159

Baumeister, R. F., & Vonasch, A. J. (2012). Is the essence of morality mind perception, self-regulation, free will, or culture? Psychological Inquiry, 23, 134-136. doi: 10.1080/1047840X.2012.667758

Baumeister, R. F. (2012). Need-to-belong theory. In P. Van Lange, A. Kruglanski, & E. T. Higgins (Eds.), Handbook of social psychological theories (Vol. 2, pp. 121-140). London, UK: Sage.

Baumeister, R.F., & Vohs, K.D. (2012). Self-regulation and the executive function of the self. In M. Leary & J. Tangney (Eds.),  Handbook of self and identity, 2nd Edn. (pp. 180-197). New York: Guilford.

Baumeister, R. F. (2012). Human evil: The myth of pure evil and the true causes of violence. In M. Mikulincer & P. Shaver (Eds.), The social psychology of morality: Exploring the causes of good and evil (pp. 367-380). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Baumeister, R. F., & Graham, J. (2012). Good and evil, past and future, laboratory and world. In M. Mikulincer & P. Shaver (Eds.), The social psychology of morality: Exploring the causes of good and evil (pp. 401-412). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Ent, M. R., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). The four roots of organizational evil. In C. Jurkiewicz (Ed.), The foundations of organizational evil (pp. 203-222). Armonk, NY: Sharpe.

Sommer, K. L., Baumeister, R. F., & Stillman, T. F. (2012). The construction of meaning from life events: Empirical studies of personal narratives. In P. Wong (Ed.), The human quest for meaning 2nd Edition (297-313). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Ainsworth, S. E., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012) Theories of sexology: What have we learned from college students? In R. McAnulty (Ed.), Sex in college: The things they don’t write home about (pp. 45-63). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

Bushman, B. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). Anger management. In-Mind. Issue 12. http://beta.in-mind.org/issue-12/anger-management.

Baumeister, R. F. (2012). The surprising secret of willpower. Bottom Line Personal, 33, 7-8.

Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F.  (2012) Editors’ introduction: What do we know about self and identity? In K. D. Vohs & R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Self and identity (Vol. 1, pp. xvii-xxxiv). London: Sage.

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2012). Editors’ introduction: New directions in social psychology. In R. F. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Eds.), New directions in social psychology (Vol. 1, pp. xix-xxxv). London: Sage.

Baumeister, R. F. Literature review in Prinstein, M. J. (Ed.). (2012). The portable mentor: Expert guide to a successful career in psychology. Springer.

- 2011 -

Baumeister, R. F., & Tierney, J. (2011). Willpower: Rediscovering the greatest human strength. New York: Penguin Press.

Baumeister, R. F., & Bushman, B. J. (2011). Social psychology and human nature (2nd Edition). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage.

Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (Eds.) (2011). Handbook of self-regulation: Research, Theory, and Applications (2nd Edn). New York: Guilford.

Baumeister, R. F., Masicampo, E. J., & Vohs, K. D. (2011). Do conscious thoughts cause behavior? Annual Review of Psychology, 62, 331-361. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.131126

DeWall, C. N., Baumeister, R. F., Mead, N. L., & Vohs, K. D. (2011). How leaders self-regulate their task performance: Evidence that power promotes diligence, depletion, and disdain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 47-65. doi: 10.1037/a0020932

Masicampo, E. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2011). Consider it done! Plan making can eliminate the cognitive effects of unfulfilled goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 667-683. doi: 10.1037/a0024192

Masicampo, E. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2011). Unfulfilled goals interfere with tasks that require executive function. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 300-311.

DeWall, C. N., Twenge, J. M., Koole, S. L., Baumeister, R. F., Marquez, A., & Reid, M. W. (2011). Automatic emotion regulation after social exclusion: Tuning to positivity. Emotion, 11, 623-636. doi:10.1037/a0023534

Mead, N. L., Baumeister, R. F., Stillman, T. F., Rawn, C. D., & Vohs, K. D. (2011). Social exclusion causes people to spend and consume strategically in the service of affiliation.  Journal of Consumer Research, 37, 902-919. doi: 10.1086/656667

Stillman, T. F., Lambert, N. M., Fincham, F. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2011). Meaning as magnetic force: Evidence that meaning in life promotes interpersonal appeal. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2, 13-20. doi: 10.1177/1948550610378382

Crescioni, A. W., Ehrlinger, J., Alquist, J. L., Conlon, K. E., Baumeister, R. F., Schatschneider, C., & Dutton, G. R. (2011). High trait self-control predicts positive health behaviors and success in weight loss.  Journal of Health Psychology, 16, 750-759. doi: 10.1177/1359105310390247

Baumeister, R. F., & Vonasch, A. J. (2011). Self-organization as conceptual key to understanding free will. AJOB Neuroscience, 2, 44-46. doi: 10.1080/21507740.2011.584949

Baumeister, R. F. (2011). Self-and identity: A brief overview of what they are, what they do, and how they work. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1234, 48-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06224.x

Stillman, T. F., Baumeister, R. F., & Mele, A. R. (2011). Free will in everyday life: Autobiographical accounts of free and unfree actions. Philosophical Psychology, 24, 381-394. doi: 10.1080/09515089.2011.556607

Baumeister, R. F., Crescioni, A. W., & Alquist, J. L. (2011). Free will as advanced action control for human social life and culture. Neuroethics, 4, 1-11. doi:10.1007/s12152-010-9058-4

Vohs, K. D., Finkenauer, C., & Baumeister, R. F. (2011). The sum of friends’ and lovers’ self-control scores predicts relationship quality. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2, 138-145. doi: 10.1177/1948550610385710

Baumeister, R. F., & Lobbestael, J. (2011). Emotions and antisocial behavior. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 22, 635-649. doi: 10.1080/14789949.2011.617535

Baumeister, R.F. (2011). Exploring free will in the laboratory.  Journal of Florida Studies, 1.

Baumeister, R.F., & Mendoza, J.P. (2011). Cultural variations in the sexual marketplace: Gender equality correlates with more sexual activity. Journal of Social Psychology, 151, 350-360. Doi: 10:1080/00224545.2010.481686

Baumeister, R. F. (2011). The unity of self at the interface of the animal body and the cultural system. Psychological Studies, 56, 5-11. doi: 10.1007/s12646-011-0062-5

Paulson, S., Flanagan, O., Bloom, P., & Baumeister, R. F. (2011). Quid pro quo: the ecology of the self. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1234, 29–43. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06182.x

Baumeister, R. F., Masicampo, E. J., & DeWall, C. N. (2011). Arguing, reasoning, and the interpersonal (cultural) functions of human consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 34, 74-74. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X10002785

Baumeister, R. F., Crescioni, A. W., & Alquist, J. L. (2011). Further thoughts on counterfactuals, compatibilism, conceptual mismatches, and choices: Response to commentaries. Neuroethics, 4, 31-34. doi: 10.1007/s12152-010-9067-3

Baumeister, R. F., & MacKenzie, M. J. (2011). Believing, belonging, meaning, and religious coping. Religion, Brain, and Behavior, 1, 244-251.

Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2011). What's the use of happiness? It can't buy you money. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 21, 139-141. doi: 10.1016/j.jcps.2011.02.003

Masicampo, E. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2011). Finding positive value in human consciousness:  Conscious thought serves participation in society and culture. In K. Sheldon, T. Kashdan, & M. Steger (Eds.), Designing positive psychology (pp. 175-189). New York: Oxford University Press.

Bauer, I.M., & Baumeister, R.F. (2011). Self-regulatory strength. In K. Vohs & R. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, Theory, and Applications (2nd Edn, pp. 64-82). New York: Guilford.

Baumeister, R. F. (2011). Imagined and genuine opposition to new ideas on sexuality. In Arkin R. M. (Ed.), Most underappreciated: 50 Prominent social psychologists describe their most unloved work (pp. 113-117).New York: Oxford University Press.

- 2010 -

Baumeister, R. F., & Masicampo, E. J. (2010). Conscious thought is for facilitating social and cultural interactions: How mental simulations serve the animal–culture interface. Psychological Review, 117, 945-971. doi:10.1037/a0019393

Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Is there anything good about men? How cultures flourish by exploiting men.  New York: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R. F., Mele, A. R., & Vohs, K. D. (Eds.) (2010). Free will and consciousness: How might they work? New York: Oxford University Press.doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389760.001.0001

Baumeister, R. F., & Finkel, E. J. (2010). Advanced social psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.

DeWall, C. N., MacDonald, G., Webster, G. D., Masten, C., Baumeister, R. F., Powell, C., Combs, D., Schurtz, D. R., Stillman, T. F., Tice, D. M., & Eisenberger, N. I. (2010). Tylenol reduces social pain: Behavioral and neural evidence. Psychological Science, 21, 931-937.

Stillman, T. F., & Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Guilty, free, and wise: Determinism and psychopathy diminish learning from negative emotions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 951-960. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2010.05.012

Gailliot, M. T., Hildebrandt, B., Eckel, L. A., & Baumeister, R. F. (2010). A theory of limited metabolic energy and premenstrual syndrome symptoms: Increased metabolic demands during the luteal phase divert metabolic resources from and impair self-control. Review of General Psychology, 14, 269-282. doi:10.1037/a0018525

Wang, J., Novemsky, N., Dhar, R., & Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Trade-offs and depletion in choice. Journal of Marketing Research, 47, 910-919. doi: 10.1509/jmkr.47.5.910

Ciarocco, N. J., Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Some good news about rumination: Task-focused thinking after failure facilitates performance improvement. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 29, 1057-1073. doi: 10.1521/jscp.2010.29.10.1057

Stillman, T. F., Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., Lambert, N. M., Fincham, F. D., & Brewer, L. E. (2010). Personal philosophy and personnel achievement: Belief in free will predicts better job performance. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1, 43-50. doi: 10.1177/1948550609351600

Baumeister, R. F., Bauer, I. M., & Lloyd, S. A. (2010). Choice, free will, and religion. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 2, 67-82. doi:10.1037/a0018455

Stillman, T. F., Maner, J. K., & Baumeister, R. F. (2010). A thin slice of violence: Distinguishing violent from nonviolent sex offenders at a glance. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31, 298-303.doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2009.12.001

Lambert, N. M., Stillman, T. F., Baumeister, R. F., Fincham, F. D., Hicks, J. A., & Graham, S. M. (2010). Family as a salient source of meaning in young adulthood. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 367-376. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2010.516616

Baumeister, R. F., DeWall, C. N., Vohs, K. D., & Alquist, J. L. (2010). Does emotion cause behavior (apart from making people do stupid, destructive things)? In C. R. Agnew, D. E. Carlston, W. G. Graziano & J. R. Kelly (Eds.), Then a miracle occurs: Focusing on behavior in social psychological theory and research. (pp. 119-136). New York: Oxford University Press.

Mele, A. R., Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Free will and consciousness: An introduction and overview of perspectives. In R. F. Baumeister, A. R. Mele & K. D. Vohs (Eds.), Free will and consciousness: How might they work? (pp. 1-7). New York: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Understanding free will and consciousness on the basis of current research findings in psychology. In R. F. Baumeister, A. R. Mele & K. D. Vohs (Eds.), Free will and consciousness: How might they work? (pp. 24-42). New York: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389760.003.0003

DeWall, C. N., Baumeister, R. F., Schurtz, D. R., & Gailliot, M. T. (2010). Acting on limited resources: The interactive effects of self-regulatory depletion and individual differences. In R. Hoyle (Ed.), Handbook of personality and self-regulation (pp. 243-262). Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.

Schmeichel, B. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Effortful attention control. In B. Bruya (Ed.), Effortless attention: A new perspective in the cognitive science of attention and action. (pp. 29-49). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Doerr, C. E., & Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Self-regulatory strength and psychological adjustment: Implications of the limited resource model of self-regulation. In J. Maddux & J. Tangney (Eds.), Social psychological foundations of clinical psychology (pp. 71-83). New York: Guilford.

Baumeister, R. F. (2010). The self. In R. F. Baumeister & E. Finkel (Eds.), Advanced social psychology (pp. 139-176). New York: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R. F. (2010). The human mind and the evolution of cultural animals. In M. Schaller, A. Norenzayan, S. J. Heine, T. Yamagishi & T. Kameda (Eds.), Evolution, culture, and the human mind. (pp. 23-38). New York: Psychology Press.

Finkel, E. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Attraction and rejection. In R. Baumeister & E. Finkel (Eds.), Advanced social psychology (pp. 419-460). New York: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Social psychology and thinking about people. In R. Baumeister & E. Finkel (Eds.), Advanced social psychology (pp. 5-24). New York: Oxford University Press.

Mead, N. L., Alquist, J. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Ego depletion and the limited resource model of self-control. In R. Hassin, K. Ochsner, & Y. Trope (Eds.), Self-control in society, mind, and brain (pp. 375-388). New York: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Understanding the self. Charaktery, 8 (1: January), 3-4. [Published version available only in Polish language.]

Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Effects of social exclusion and interpersonal rejection: An overview with implications for human disability. In J. Reinders (Ed.), The paradox of disability. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Erdmans

Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Rejection, consistency, and interpersonal processes. In M. H. Gonzales, C. Tavris, J. Aronson, & J. Darley (Eds.),  The scientist and the humanist: A Festschrift in honor of Elliot Aronson (pp. 67-77). New York: Psychology Press.

Daly, M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Social support and mental health. In N. A. Piotrowski (Ed.), Salem health: Psychology and mental health. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press.

- 2009 -

Forgas, J. P., Baumeister, R. F., & Tice, D. M. (2009). Psychology of self-regulation: Cognitive, affective, and motivational processes. New York: Psychology Press.

DeWall, C. N., Twenge, J. M., Gitter, S. A., & Baumeister, R. F. (2009). It's the thought that counts: The role of hostile cognition in shaping aggressive responses to social exclusion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 45-59. doi:10.1037/a0013196

Schmeichel, B. J., Gailliot, M. T., Filardo, E.-A., McGregor, I., Gitter, S., & Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Terror management theory and self-esteem revisited: The roles of implicit and explicit self-esteem in mortality salience effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 1077-1087. doi:10.1037/a0015091

Zhou, X., Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2009). The symbolic power of money: Reminders of money alter social distress and physical pain. Psychological Science, 20, 700-706. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02353.x

Blackhart, G. C., Nelson, B. C., Knowles, M. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Rejection elicits emotional reactions but neither causes immediate distress nor lowers self-esteem: A meta-analytic review of 192 studies on social exclusion. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 13, 269-309. doi: 10.1177/1088868309346065

Baumeister, R. F., Masicampo, E. J., & DeWall, C. N. (2009). Prosocial benefits of feeling free: Disbelief in free will increases aggression and reduces helpfulness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 260-268. doi: 10.1177/0146167208327217

Pocheptsova, A., Amir, O., Dhar, R., & Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Deciding without resources: Resource depletion and choice in context. Journal of Marketing Research, 46, 344-355. doi: 10.1509/jmkr.46.3.344

Bushman, B. J., Baumeister, R. F., Thomaes, S., Ryu, E., Begeer, S., & West, S. G. (2009). Looking again, and harder, for a link between low self-esteem and aggression. Journal of Personality, 77, 427-446. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2008.00553.x

Mead, N. L., Baumeister, R. F., Gino, F., Schweitzer, M. E., & Ariely, D. (2009). Too tired to tell the truth: Self-control resource depletion and dishonesty. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 594-597. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2009.02.004

Gailliot, M. T., Peruche, B. M., Plant, E. A., & Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Stereotypes and prejudice in the blood: Sucrose drinks reduce prejudice and stereotyping. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 288-290. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2008.09.003

Stillman, T. F., Baumeister, R. F., Lambert, N. M., Crescioni, A. W., DeWall, C. N., & Fincham, F. D. (2009). Alone and without purpose: Life loses meaning following social exclusion. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 686-694. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2009.03.007

Baumeister, R. F., & Alquist, J. L. (2009). Is there a downside to good self-control? Self and Identity, 8, 115-130. doi: 10.1080/15298860802501474

Baumeister, R. F., DeWall, C. N., & Vohs, K. D. (2009). Social rejection, control, numbness, and emotion: How not to be fooled by Gerber and Wheeler (2009). Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4, 489-493. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6924.2009.01159.x

Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Addiction and free will. Addiction Research & Theory, 17, 231-235. doi: 10.1080/16066350802567103

Baumeister, R.F. (2009). Free will in social psychology. Inquisitive Mind.

Uziel, L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Personality and behaviour: A neglected opportunity? European Journal of Personality, 23, 433-435.

Stillman, T. F., & Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Uncertainty, belongingness, and four needs for meaning. Psychological Inquiry, 20, 249-251. doi: 10.1080/10478400903333544

Baumeister, R. F., Gailliot, M. T., & Tice, D. M. (2009). Free willpower: A limited resource theory of volition, choice, and self-regulation. In E. Morsella, J. Bargh, & P. Gollwitzer (Eds.), Oxford handbook of human action (pp. 487-508). New York: Oxford.

Baumeister, R. F., & Alquist, J. L. (2009). Self-regulation as limited resource; Strength model of control and depletion. In J. Forgas, R. Baumeister, & D. Tice (Eds.), Psychology of self-regulation: Cognitive, affective, and motivational processes (pp. 21-33). New York: Psychology Press.

Baumeister, R.F. (2009). Marketplace approaches to courtship, love, and sex. In H. Reis & S. Sprecher (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Human Relationships (Vol. 2, pp. 1041-1043). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Baumeister, R.F. (2009). Self-regulation in relationships. In H. Reis & S. Sprecher (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Human Relationships (Vol. 3, pp. 1434-1436). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Forgas, J. P., Baumeister, R. F,. & Tice, D. M. (2009). The psychology of self-regulation: An introductory review. In J. Forgas, R. F. Baumeister, & D. M. Tice (Eds.), Psychology of self-regulation: Cognitive, affective, and motivational processes (pp. 1-17). New York: Psychology Press.
                                                    
DeWall, C. N., Baumeister, R. F., & Masicampo, E. J. (2009). Feeling rejected but not much else: Resolving the paradox of emotional numbness following social exclusion. In A. Vangelisti (Ed.), Feeling hurt in close relationships (pp. 123-142). New York: Cambridge.

Crescioni, A. W., & Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Social rejection and aggression: Social rejection leads to aggression, emotional numbness, decreased self-awareness, diminished self-regulatory effort, hostile cognitive bias, and the perception of life as less meaningful. In M. Harris (Ed.), Bullying, rejection, and peer victimization: A social cognitive neuroscience perspective. New York: Springer.

Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Self. In D. Sander & K. Scherer (Eds.), Oxford companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences (pp. 355-356). New York: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Ideal self. In D. Sander & K. Scherer (Eds.), Oxford companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences (p. 210). New York: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Identity. In D. Sander & K. Scherer (Eds.), Oxford companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences (pp. 210-211). New York: Oxford University Press.

Lalande, D. & Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Systems theories. In N. Piotrowski (Ed.), Salem health: Psychology and mental health (pp. 1943-1944). Pasadena : Salem Press.

Baumeister, R.F. (2009). Self-esteem. In E. M. Anderman & L. H. Anderman (Eds.), Psychology of classroom learning: An encyclopedia (Vol 2., pp. 794-799).  Detroit, MI: Macmillan Reference USA.

- 2008 -

Baumeister, R. F., & Bushman, B. J. (2008). Social psychology and human nature (annotated instructor's ed.). Belmont, CA, US: Thomson Wadsworth, Belmont, CA.

Baer, J., Kaufmann, J. C., & Baumeister, R. F. (Eds.) (2008). Are we free? Psychology and free will. New York: Oxford University Press.

Vohs, K. D., Baumeister, R. F., Schmeichel, B. J., Twenge, J. M., Nelson, N. M., & Tice, D. M. (2008). Making choices impairs subsequent self-control: A limited-resource account of decision making, self-regulation, and active initiative. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 883-898. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.94.5.883

Exline, J. J., Baumeister, R. F., Zell, A. L., Kraft, A. J., & Witvliet, C. V. O. (2008). Not so innocent: Does seeing one's own capability for wrongdoing predict forgiveness? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 495-515. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.94.3.495

DeWall, C. N., Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2008). Satiated with belongingness? Effects of acceptance, rejection, and task framing on self-regulatory performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1367-1382. doi: 10.1037/a0012632

Masicampo, E. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2008). Toward a physiology of dual-process reasoning and judgment: Lemonade, willpower, and expensive rule-based analysis. Psychological Science, 19, 255-260. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02077.x

Baumeister, R. F., Sparks, E. A., Stillman, T. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2008). Free will in consumer behavior: Self-control, ego depletion, and choice. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 18, 4-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jcps.2007.10.002

Baumeister, R. F. (2008). Free will in scientific psychology. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3, 14-19. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6916.2008.00057.x

DeWall, C. N., Baumeister, R. F., & Masicampo, E. J. (2008). Evidence that logical reasoning depends on conscious processing. Consciousness and Cognition, 17, 628-645. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2007.12.004 

Wallace, H. M., Exline, J. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2008). Interpersonal consequences of forgiveness: Does forgiveness deter or encourage repeat offenses? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 453-460. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2007.02.012

DeWall, C. N., Baumeister, R. F., Gailliot, M. T., & Maner, J. K. (2008). Depletion makes the heart grow less helpful: Helping as a function of self-regulatory energy and genetic relatedness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1653-1662. doi: 10.1177/0146167208323981

Baumeister, R. F., Schmeichel, B. J., DeWall, C. N., & Vohs, K. D. (2008). Is the conscious self a help, a hindrance, or an irrelevance to the creative process? In A. M. Columbus (Ed.), Advances in psychology research (vol 53). (pp. 137-152). Hauppauge, NY, US: Nova Science Publishers.

Baumeister, R. F. (2008). Wie Kultur Männer benutzt: Über Geschlechtsunterschiede als Kompensationsgeschäft. (S. Kohlhammer, trans.). Merkur: Deutsche Zeitschrift für europäisches Denken, 704, 10-23.

Baumeister, R. F. (2008). Social reality and the hole in determinism. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 18, 34-38. doi: 10.1016/j.jcps.2007.10.007

Baumeister, R.F. (2008). Wozu sind Männer gut? [What are men good for?].   Psychologie Heute, 35 (No. 3), 20-29.

Krueger, J. I., Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2008). Is the allure of self-esteem a mirage after all? American Psychologist, 63, 64-65. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.63.1.64

Stillwell, A. M., Baumeister, R. F., & Del Priore, R. E. (2008). We're all victims here: Toward a psychology of revenge. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 30, 253-263. doi: 10.1080/01973530802375094

Baumeister, R. F., DeWall, C. N., Mead, N. L., & Vohs, K. D. (2008). Social rejection can reduce pain and increase spending: Further evidence that money, pain, and belongingness are interrelated. Psychological Inquiry, 19, 145-147. doi: 10.1080/10478400802592307

Baumeister, R.F. (2008: January). Interpersonal rejection in the laboratory. Interpersonal Acceptance, 2, 1-2.

Baumeister, R. F. (2008). Free will, consciousness, and cultural animals. In J. Baer, J. C. Kaufman & R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Are we free? Psychology and free will. (pp. 65-85). New York: Oxford University Press.

Vohs, K. D., Baumeister, R. F., & Tice, D. M. (2008). Self-regulation: Goals, consumption, and choices. In C. Haugtvedt, P. Herr,  & F. Kardes (Eds.),  Handbook of consumer psychology (pp. 349-366). New York: Erlbaum.

Baurneister, R. F., & Stillman, T. F. (2008). Self-regulation and close relationships. In J. V. Wood, A. Tesser & J. G. Holmes (Eds.), The self and social relationships. (pp. 139-158). New York, NY, US: Psychology Press.

Gailliot, M. T., Mead, N. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2008). Self-regulation. In O. John, R. Robins, & L. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (3rd Edn, pp. 472-491). New York: Guilford.

Baumeister, R. F., & Gitter, S. (2008). I am approaching the decision to avoid you: An approach and avoidance perspective on research on social exclusion and rejection. In A. Elliot (Ed.), Handbook of approach and avoidance motivation (pp. 601-614). New York: Psychology Press.

Sparks, E. A., & Baumeister, R. F. (2008). If bad is stronger than good, why focus on human strengths? In S. J. Lopez (Ed.), Positive psychology: Exploring the best in people (Vol. 1, pp. 55-79). Westport, CT: Praeger.

Baumeister, R. F. (2008). Making decisions: My reflections on graduate school and career choices. In A. Kracen & I. Wallace (Eds.), Applying to graduate school in psychology: Advice from successful graduate students and prominent psychologists (pp. 190-193). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Baer, J., Kaufman, J. C., & Baumeister, R. F. (2008). Introduction: Psychology and free will. In J. Baer, J. Kaufman & R. Baumeister (Eds.), Are we free? Psychology and free will. (pp. 3-9). New York: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0001.

Baumeister, R. F. (2008). Review of Purpose, meaning and action: Control systems theories in sociology, by K. McClelland & T. Fararo.  American Journal of Sociology, 113, 1469-1470.

- 2007 -

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (Eds.) (2007). Encyclopedia of social psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Vohs, K. D., Baumeister, R. F., & Loewenstein, G. (Eds.) (2007). Do emotions help or hurt decision making? A hedgefoxian perspective. New York: Russell Sage.

Gailliot, M. T., Baumeister, R. F., DeWall, C. N., Maner, J. K., Plant, E. A., Tice, D. M., Brewer, L. E., & Schmeichel, B. J. (2007). Self-control relies on glucose as a limited energy source: Willpower is more than a metaphor. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 325-336. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.92.2.325

Maner, J. K., DeWall, C. N., Baumeister, R. F., & Schaller, M. (2007). Does social exclusion motivate interpersonal reconnection? Resolving the "porcupine problem." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 42-55. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.92.1.42

Twenge, J. M., Baumeister, R. F., DeWall, C. N., Ciarocco, N. J., & Bartels, J. M. (2007). Social exclusion decreases prosocial behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 56-66. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.92.1.56

DeWall, C. N., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). From terror to joy: Automatic tuning to positive affective information following mortality salience. Psychological Science, 18, 984-990. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.02013.x

Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., DeWall, C. N., & Zhang, L. (2007). How emotion shapes behavior: Feedback, anticipation, and reflection, rather than direct causation. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11, 167-203. 10.1177/1088868307301033

Gailliot, M. T., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Self-regulation and sexual restraint: Dispositionally and temporarily poor self-regulatory abilities contribute to failures at restraining sexual behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 173-186. doi: 10.1177/0146167206293472.

Dewall, C. N., Baumeister, R. F., Stillman, T. F., & Gailliot, M. T. (2007). Violence restrained: Effects of self-regulation and its depletion on aggression. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 62-76. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2005.12.005.

Gailliot, M. T., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). The physiology of willpower: Linking blood glucose to self-control. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11, 303-327. doi: 10.1177/1088868307303030

Stillman, T. F., Baumeister, R. F., & DeWall, C. N. (2007). What's so funny about not having money? the effects of power on laughter. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 1547-1558. doi:10.1177/0146167207305863

Gailliot, M. T., Plant, E. A., Butz, D. A., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Increasing self-regulatory strength can reduce the depleting effect of suppressing stereotypes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 281-294. doi:10.1177/014616720629610

Tice, D. M., Baumeister, R. F., Shmueli, D., & Muraven, M. (2007). Restoring the self: Positive affect helps improve self-regulation following ego depletion. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 379-384. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2006.05.007

Forsyth, D. R., Kerr, N. A., Burnette, J. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Attempting to improve the academic performance of struggling college students by bolstering their self-esteem: An intervention that backfired. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 26, 447-459.

Vohs, K. D., Baumeister, R. F., & Chin, J. (2007). Feeling duped: Emotional, motivational, and cognitive aspects of being exploited by others. Review of General Psychology, 11, 127-141. doi: 10.1037/1089-2680.11.2.127

Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., & Funder, D. C. (2007). Psychology as the science of self-reports and finger movements: Whatever happened to actual behavior? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2, 396-403. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00051.x

Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., & Tice, D. M. (2007). The strength model of self-control. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16, 351-355. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8721.2007.00534.x

Twenge, J. M., Zhang, L., Catanese, K. R., Dolan-Pascoe, B., Lyche, L. R., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Replenishing connectedness: Reminders of social activity reduce aggression after social exclusion. British Journal of Social Psychology, 46, 205-224. doi: 10.1348/014466605X90793

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2007). Self-regulation, ego depletion, and motivation. Social        and Personality Psychology Compass, 1, 115-128. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2007.00001.x

Baumeister, R. F., Brewer, L. E., Tice, D.M., & Twenge, J.M. (2007). Thwarting the need to belong: Understanding the interpersonal and inner effects of social exclusion. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 1, 506-520. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2007.00020.x

Lohr, J. M., Olatunji, B. O., Baumeister, R. F., & Bushman, B. J. (2007). The psychology of anger venting and empirically supported alternatives that do no harm. The Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice: Objective Investigations of Controversial and Unorthodox Claims in Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Social Work, 5, 53-64.

Gailliot, M. T., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Self-esteem, belongingness, and worldview validation: Does belongingness exert a unique influence upon self-esteem? Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 327-345. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2006.04.004
           
Masicampo, E. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Relating mindfulness and self-regulatory processes. Psychological Inquiry, 18, 255-258. doi: 10.1080/10478400701598363

Baumeister, R. F., Schmeichel, B. J., & Vohs, K. D. (2007). Self-regulation and the executive function: The self as controlling agent. In A. Kruglanski & E. T. Higgins (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles. (2nd Edition) (pp. 516-539). New York: Guilford.

Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Can satisfaction reinforce wanting? A new theory about long-term changes in strength of motivation. In J. Shah & W. Gardner (Eds.), Handbook of motivation science (pp. 373-389). New York: Guilford.

Baumeister, R. F., Geyer, A. L., & Tice, D. M. (2007). How emotions facilitate and impair self-regulation. In J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 408-426). New York: Guilford.

Loewenstein, G. F., Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Introduction: The hedgefox. In K. Vohs, R. Baumeister, & G. Loewenstein (Eds.), Do emotions help or hurt decision making? A hedgefoxian perspective (pp. 3-9). New York: Russell Sage.

Baumeister, R. F., & Tice, D. M. (2007). Cognitive, interpersonal, and behavioral effects of social exclusion: How people respond to rejection. In E. Aronson & J. Aronson (Eds.), Readings about the social animal (10th edition, pp. 536-553). New York: Worth.

Baumeister, R. F., & Bushman, B. J. (2007). Angry emotions and aggressive behaviors. In G. Steffgen & M. Gollwitzer (Eds.), Emotions and aggressive behavior (pp. 61-75). Cambridge, MA: Hogrefe & Huber.

Baumeister, R. F., & Blackhart, G. C. (2007). Three perspectives on gender differences in adolescent sexual development. In R. Engels, M. Kerr, H. Stattin, & J. Coleman (Eds.), Friends, lovers, and groups: Key relationships in adolescence (pp. 93-104). New York: Wiley.

Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Self-regulation. In R. Baumeister & K. Vohs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology (pp. 841-845). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Erotic plasticity. In R. Baumeister & K. Vohs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology (pp. 309-311). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Cultural animal. In R. Baumeister & K. Vohs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology (pp. 206-208). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Free will, study of. In R. Baumeister & K. Vohs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology (pp. 362-364). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Introduction to special issue: Emotion and decision making. Review of General Psychology, 11, 98-98. doi: 10.1037/1089-2680.11.2.98

Baumeister, R. F., DeWall, C. N., & Zhang, L. (2007). Do emotions hinder or improve the decision making process? In K. Vohs, R. Baumeister, & G. Loewenstein (Eds.), Do emotions help or hurt decision making? A hedgefoxian perspective (pp. 11-31). New York: Russell Sage.

- 2006 -

DeWall, C. N., & Baumeister, R. F. (2006). Alone but feeling no pain: Effects of social exclusion on physical pain tolerance and pain threshold, affective forecasting, and interpersonal empathy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, 1-15. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.91.1.1

Gailliot, M. T., Schmeichel, B. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2006). Self-regulatory processes defend against the threat of death: Effects of self-control depletion and trait self-control on thoughts and fears of dying. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, 49-62. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.91.1.49

Baumeister, R. F., Gailliot, M., DeWall, C. N., & Oaten, M. (2006). Self-regulation and personality: How interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behavior. Journal of Personality, 74, 1773-1801. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2006.00428.x

Zhang, L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2006). Your money or your self-esteem: Threatened egotism promotes costly entrapment in losing endeavors. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 881-893. doi: 10.1177/0146167206287120

Stucke, T. S., & Baumeister, R. F. (2006). Ego depletion and aggressive behavior: Is the inhibition of aggression a limited resource? European Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 1-13. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.285

Mead, N. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2006). Unrequited love. Impuls, 60, 46-53.

Baumeister, R. F. (2005) Rethinking self-esteem: Why nonprofits should stop promoting self-esteem and start endorsing self-control. Stanford Social Innovation Review, 3, 34-41.

Baumeister, R. F., Maner, J. K., & DeWall, C. N. (2006). Evoked culture and evoked nature: Coevolution and the emergence of cultural animals. Psychological Inquiry, 17, 128-130.

Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., & Tice, D. M. (2006). Emotional influences on decision making. In J. P. Forgas (Ed.), Affect in social thinking and behavior. (pp. 143-159). New York: Psychology Press.

Blackhart, G. C., Baumeister, R. F., & Twenge, J. M. (2006). Rejection's impact on self-defeating, prosocial, antisocial, and self-regulatory behaviors. In K. D. Vohs, & E. J. Finkel (Eds.), Self and relationships: Connecting intrapersonal and interpersonal processes. (pp. 237-253). New York: Guilford Press.

Baumeister, R. F., Maner, J. K., DeWall, C. N., & Burnette, M. M. (2006). Theories of human sexuality. In R. D. McAnulty (Ed.), Sex and sexuality, vol 1: Sexuality today: Trends and controversies. (pp. 17-34). Westport, CT, US: Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group.

Baumeister, R. F., & Stillman, T. (2006). Nature, culture, and sex: Gender and erotic plasticity. In R. McAnulty & M. Burnette (Eds.), Sex and sexuality (pp. 343-359). Westport, CT: Praeger Press.

Campbell, W. K., & Baumeister, R. F. (2006). Narcissistic personality disorder. In J. E. Fisher, & W. T. O'Donohue (Eds.), Practitioner's guide to evidence-based psychotherapy. (pp. 423-431). New York, NY, US: Springer Science + Business Media. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-28370-8_42

Baumeister, R.F. (2006). Entries on self and social psychology. In G.R. Van den Bos (Ed.), The APA dictionary of psychology (pages 827 and 868). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

- 2005 -

Baumeister, R.F. (2005). The cultural animal: Human nature, meaning, and social life. New York: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R. F., DeWall, C. N., Ciarocco, N. J., & Twenge, J. M. (2005). Social exclusion impairs self-regulation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 589-604. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.88.4.589

Vohs, K. D., Baumeister, R. F., & Ciarocco, N. J. (2005). Self-regulation and self-presentation: Regulatory resource depletion impairs impression management and effortful self-presentation depletes regulatory resources. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 632-657. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.88.4.632

Baumeister, R.F., Campbell, J.D., Krueger, J.I. & Vohs, K.D. (2005: January). Exploding the self-esteem myth.  Scientific American, 292, 84-91.
            Reprinted in Scientific American Mind: Thought, ideas, brain science (2005), Vol 16, No. 4, pp. 50-57.

Wallace, H. M., Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2005). Audience support and choking under pressure: A home disadvantage? Journal of Sports Sciences, 23, 429-438. doi: 10.1080/02640410400021666

Finkenauer, C., Engels, R. C. M. E., & Baumeister, R. F. (2005). Parenting behavior and adolescent behavioral and emotional problems: The role of self-control. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 29, 58-69. doi: 10.1080/01650250444000333

Baumeister, R.F. (2005). Rejected and alone. The Psychologist, 18, 732-735.

Simonton, D. K., & Baumeister, R. F. (2005). Positive psychology at the summit. Review of General Psychology, 9, 99-102. doi: 10.1037/1089-2680.9.2.99

Baumeister, R. F., & DeWall, C. N. (2005). The inner dimension of social exclusion: Intelligent thought and self-regulation among rejected persons. In K. D. Williams, J. P. Forgas & W. von Hippel (Eds.), The social outcast: Ostracism, social exclusion, rejection, and bullying. (pp. 53-73). New York: Psychology Press.
                                                                                                                                             
Baumeister, R. F. (2005). Self and volition. In W. R. Miller, & H. D. Delaney (Eds.), Judeo-christian perspectives on psychology: Human nature, motivation, and change. (pp. 57-72). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1037/10859-003

Baumeister, R. F. (2005). Self-concept, self-esteem, and identity. In V. Derlega, B. Winstead, & W. Jones (Eds.), Personality: Contemporary Theory and Research (3rd Edition), pp. 246-280. San Francisco, CA: Wadsworth.

Baumeister, R. F., & Butz, D. (2005). Roots of evil, violence, and hate. In R. Sternberg (Ed.), The psychology of hate (pp. 87-102). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association , x, 263 pp. doi: 10.1037/10930-005

Geyer, A. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2005). Religion, morality, and self-control: Values, virtues, and vices.  In Paloutzian R. F., Park C. L. (Eds.), Religion, morality, and self-control: Values, virtues, and vices (pp. 412-432). New York: Guilford Press.

Twenge, J. M., &  Baumeister, R. F. (2005). Social exclusion increases aggression and self-defeating behavior while reducing intelligent thought and prosocial behavior. In D. Abrams, M. Hogg, & J. Marques (Eds.), The social psychology of inclusion and exclusion. (pp. 27-46). New York: Psychology Press.

Gailliot, M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2005). Self-control and business ethics: How strengthening the self benefits the corporation and the individual. In R. Giacalone, C. Jurkiewicz, & C. Dunn (Eds.), Positive psychology, ethics, and social responsibility in organizational life. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Baumeister, R. F. (2005: June). Is ‘the cultural animal’ free? Science and Theology News, 38-39.

Baumeister, R. F. (2005: January 25). The lowdown on high self-esteem. Los Angeles Times. Page B-11.

Baumeister, R. F. (2005). The unconscious is alive and well, and friendly too. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 24, 293-295. doi: 10.1521/jscp.24.2.293.62274

- 2004 -

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (Eds.) (2004). Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications. New York: Guilford.

Exline, J. J., Baumeister, R. F., Bushman, B. J., Campbell, W. K., & Finkel, E. J. (2004). Too proud to let go: Narcissistic entitlement as a barrier to forgiveness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87, 894-912. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.87.6.894

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2004). Sexual economics: Sex as female resource for social exchange in heterosexual interactions. Personality and Social Psychology Review. 8, 339-363. doi: 10.1207/s15327957pspr0804_2

Tangney, J. P., Baumeister, R. F., &  Boone, A. L. (2004). High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. Journal of Personality, 72, 271-322. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00263.x

Baumeister, R. F., Zhang, L., & Vohs, K. D. (2004). Gossip as cultural learning. Review of General Psychology, 8, 111-121. doi: 10.1037/1089-2680.8.2.111

Baumeister, R.F., & Bushman, B.J. (2004). Human nature and aggressive motivation: Why do cultural animals turn violent? International Review of Social Psychology, 17, 205-220.

Baumeister, R. F. (2004). Gender and erotic plasticity: Sociocultural influences on the sex drive. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 19, 133-139. doi: 10.1080/14681990410001691343

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2004). Four roots of evil. In A. G. Miller (Ed.), The social psychology of good and evil. (pp. 87-101). New York: Guilford Press.

Schmeichel, B. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2004). Self-regulatory strength. In R. Baumeister & K. Vohs (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (pp. 84-98). New York: Guilford.

Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2004). Ego depletion, self-control, and choice. In J. Greenberg, S.L. Koole, & T. Pyszczynski (Eds.), Handbook of experimental existential psychology (pp. 398-410). New York: Guilford.

Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2004). Sexual passion, intimacy, and gender. In D. Mashek & A. Aron (Eds.), Handbook of closeness and intimacy (pp. 189-199). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Vohs, K. D., Catanese, K. R., & Baumeister, R. F. (2004). Sex in “his” versus “her” relationships: In J. Harvey, S. Sprecher, & A. Wenzel (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality in close relationships. (pp. 455-474). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2004). Self-regulation and self-control. In C. Peterson & M.E.P. Seligman (Eds.), Character strengths and virtues (pp. 499-516). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, and New York: Oxford University Press.

Exline, J. J., Campbell, W. K., Baumeister, R. F., Joiner, T., & Krueger, J. (2004). Humility and modesty. To appear in Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. (Eds.),Character strengths and virtues (pp. 461-475). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, and New York: Oxford University Press.

Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2004). Understanding self-regulation: An introduction. In R. Baumeister & K. Vohs (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (pp. 1-9). New York: Guilford.

Campbell, W. K., & Baumeister, R. F. (2004). Is loving the self necessary for loving another? An examination of identity and intimacy. In M. Brewer & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Self and social identity (pp. 78-98). Oxford, England: Blackwell.

Tice, D. M., Baumeister, R. F., & Zhang, L. (2004). The role of emotion in self-regulation: Differing role of positive and negative emotions. In P. Philippot, & R. S. Feldman (Eds.), The regulation of emotion. (pp. 213-226). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Vohs, K.D., & Baumeister, R.F. (2004). Self-control. In C. Spielberger (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

- 2003 -

Loewenstein, G., Read, D., & Baumeister, R. F. (Eds.) (2003). Time and decision: Economic and psychological perspectives on intertemporal choice. New York: Russell Sage.

Baumeister, R. F., Campbell, J. D., Krueger, J. I. & Vohs, K. D. (2003). Does high self-esteem cause better performance interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles? Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4, 1-44. doi: 10.1111/1529-1006.01431

Bushman, B. J., Bonacci, A. M., van Dijk, M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2003). Narcissism, sexual refusal, and aggression: Testing a narcissistic reactance model of sexual coercion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 1027-1040. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.84.5.1027

Schmeichel, B. J., Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2003). Intellectual performance and ego depletion: Role of the self in logical reasoning and other information processing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 33-46. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.85.1.33

Twenge, J. M., Catanese, K. R., & Baumeister, R. F. (2003). Social exclusion and the deconstructed state: Time perception, meaninglessness, lethargy, lack of emotion, and self-awareness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 409-423. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.85.3.409

Baumeister, R. F. (2003). Ego depletion and self-regulation failure: A resource model of self-control. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 27, 281-284. doi: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000060879.61384.A4

Campbell, W. K., Baumeister, R. F., Dhavale, D., & Tice, D. M. (2003). Responding to major threats to self-esteem: A preliminary, narrative study of ego-shock. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 22, 79-96. doi: 10.1521/jscp.22.1.79.22762

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2003). Social psychology articles from the 1980s and 1990s: Some new classics and overlooked gems. Psychological Inquiry, 14, 193-195. doi: 10.1207/S15327965PLI1403&4_2

Baumeister, R.F., & Vohs, K.D. (2003). Self-regulation and the executive function of the self. In M. R. Leary & J.P. Tangney (Eds.), Handbook of self and identity (pp. 197-217). New York: Guilford.

Baumeister, R. F., & Twenge, J. M. (2003). The social self. In I. Weiner (Ed.), Comprehensive handbook of psychology; T. Millon & M. J. Lerner (Eds.), Volume 5: Personality and social psychology (pp. 327-352). New York: Wiley.

Baumeister, R. F. (2003). The psychology of irrationality: Why people make foolish, self-defeating choices. In I. Brocas & J. Carillo (Eds.), The psychology of economic decisions, Volume 1: Rationality and well-being (pp. 3-16). Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2003). Willpower, choice, and self-control. In G. Loewenstein, D. Read & R. Baumeister (Eds.), Time and decision: Economic and psychological perspectives on intertemporal choice. (pp. 201-216). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Baumeister, R. F. (2003). Writing a literature review. In M. J. Prinstein & M. Patterson (Eds.), The portable mentor Expert guide to a successful career in psychology (pp. 57-71). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.

Baumeister, R. F., & Bushman, B. J. (2003). Emotions and aggressiveness. In W. Heitmeyer (Eds.), International handbook of violence research (pp. 479-493). New York: Westview Press.

Loewenstein, G., Read, D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2003). Introduction. In G. Loewenstein, D. Read, & R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Time and decision: Economic and psychological perspectives on intertemporal choice (pp. 1-12). New York: Russell Sage Foundation Press.

Baumeister, R. F. (2003). Review of Ostracism: The power of silence. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 20, 141-142. doi: 10.1177/02654075030201007

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Miracle, A., Miracle, T., & Baumeister, R. F. (2002). Human sexuality: Meeting your basic needs. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall/Pearson.

Baumeister, R. F., Twenge, J. M., & Nuss, C. K. (2002). Effects of social exclusion on cognitive processes: Anticipated aloneness reduces intelligent thought. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 817-827. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.83.4.817.

Twenge, J. M., Catanese, K. R., & Baumeister, R. F. (2002). Social exclusion causes self-defeating behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 606-615. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.83.3.606.

Wallace, H. M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2002). The performance of narcissists rises and falls with perceived opportunity for glory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 819-834. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.82.5.819

Baumeister, R. F., Catanese, K. R., & Wallace, H. M. (2002). Conquest by force: A narcissistic reactance theory of rape and sexual coercion. Review of General Psychology, 6, 92-135. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.6.1.92.

Baumeister, R. F., & Twenge, J. M. (2002). Cultural suppression of female sexuality. Review of General Psychology, 6, 166-203. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.6.2.166

Baumeister, R. F. (2002). Yielding to temptation: Self-control failure, impulsive purchasing, and consumer behavior. Journal of Consumer Research, 28, 670-676. doi: 10.1086/338209

Baumeister, R. F. (2002). Ego depletion and self-control failure: An energy model of the self's executive function. Self and Identity, 1, 129-136. doi: 10.1080/152988602317319302

Sommer, K. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2002). Self-evaluation, persistence, and performance following implicit rejection: The role of trait self-esteem. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 926-938. doi: 10.1177/01467202028007006

Wallace, H. M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2002). The effects of success versus failure feedback on further self-control. Self and Identity, 1, 35-41. doi: 10.1080/152988602317232786

Bushman, B. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2002). Does self-love or self-hate lead to violence? Journal of Research in Personality, 36, 543-545. doi: 10.1016/S0092-6566(02)00502-0

Baumeister, R. F. (2002). Violent pride. In N. Angier (Ed.) (2002), The best American science and nature writing 2002 (pp. 1-9). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. (2002). The pursuit of meaningfulness in life. In C.R. Snyder & S. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (pp. 608-618). New York: Oxford.

Baumeister, R. F. (2002). The holocaust and the four roots of evil. In L. S. Newman, & R. Erber (Eds.), Understanding genocide: The social psychology of the holocaust. (pp. 241-258). New York: Oxford University Press. 

Baumeister, R. F., & Exline, J. J. (2002). Mystical self loss: A challenge for psychological theory. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 12, 15-20. doi: 10.1207/S15327582IJPR1201_02

Baumeister, R.F., Twenge, J.M., & Ciarocco, N. (2002). The inner world of rejection: Effects of social exclusion on cognition, emotion, and self-regulation. In J. Forgas & K. Williams (Eds.), The social self: Cognitive, interpersonal, and intergroup perspectives (pp. 161-174). New York: Psychology Press.

Baumeister, R. F., & Bushman, B. J. (2002). Emotionen und Aggressivität. [Emotion and Aggression]. In W. Heitmeyer & J. Hagan (Eds.), Internationales Handbuch der Gewaltforschung (pp. 598-618), Wiesbaden, Germany: Westdeutscher Verlag.

Twenge, J. M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2002). Self-control: A limited yet renewable resource. In Y. Kashima, M. Foddy & M. J. Platow (Eds.), Self and identity: Personal, social, and symbolic. (pp. 57-70). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Baumeister, R.F. (2002). Social psychology of self. In Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. London, England: Macmillan.

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2002). The collective invention of language to access the universe of possible ideas. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 25, 675-676.

Baumeister, R. F. (2002). Religion and psychology: Introduction to the special issue. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 165-167. doi: 10.1207/S15327965PLI1303_01

Baumeister, R. F. (2002). Do soldiers enjoy killing? PsycCRITIQUES, 47, 553-555. doi: 10.1037/001223

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Twenge, J. M., Baumeister, R. F., Tice, D. M., & Stucke, T. S. (2001). If you can't join them, beat them: Effects of social exclusion on aggressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 1058-1069. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.81.6.1058.

Tice, D. M., Bratslavsky, E., & Baumeister, R. F. (2001). Emotional distress regulation takes precedence over impulse control: If you feel bad, do it! Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 53-67. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.80.1.53.

Bushman, B. J., Baumeister, R. F., & Phillips, C. M. (2001). Do people aggress to improve their mood? Catharsis beliefs, affect regulation opportunity, and aggressive responding. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 17-32. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.81.1.17.

Baumeister, R. F., Bratslavsky, E., Finkenauer, C., & Vohs, K. D. (2001). Bad is stronger than good. Review of General Psychology, 5, 323-370. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.5.4.323.

Baumeister, R. F., Catanese, K. R., & Vohs, K. D. (2001). Is there a gender difference in strength of sex drive? Theoretical views, conceptual distinctions, and a review of relevant evidence. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5, 242-273. doi: 10.1207/S15327957PSPR0503_5

Baumeister, R. F. (Ed.) (2001). Social psychology and human sexuality. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press Taylor & Francis.

Baumeister, R. F. (2001). Violent pride: Do people turn violent because of self-hate, or self-love? Scientific American, 284, 96-101.

Ciarocco, N. J., Sommer, K. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2001). Ostracism and ego depletion: The strains of silence. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 1156-1163. doi: 10.1177/0146167201279008

Sommer, K. L., Williams, K. D., Ciarocco, N. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2001). When silence speaks louder than words: Explorations into the intrapsychic and interpersonal consequences of social ostracism. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 23, 225-243. doi: 10.1207/153248301753225694.

Baumeister, R. F. (2001). Social psychology, social exchange, and sexuality. In R. Baumeister (Ed.), Social psychology and human sexuality (pp. 1-24). Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press Taylor & Francis.

Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2001). Narcissism as addiction to esteem. Psychological Inquiry, 12, 206-210.

Baumeister, R. F., & Catanese, K. (2001). Victims and perpetrators provide discrepant accounts: Motivated cognitive distortions about interpersonal transgressions. In J. P. Forgas, K. D. Williams & L. Wheeler (Eds.), The social mind: Cognitive and motivational aspects of interpersonal behavior. (pp. 274-293). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Baumeister, R. F., & Dhavale, D. (2001). Two sides of romantic rejection. In M. R. Leary (Ed.), Interpersonal rejection. (pp. 55-71). New York: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130157.003.0003

Campbell, W. K., & Baumeister, R. F. (2001). Is loving the self necessary for loving another? An examination of identity and intimacy. In G. Fletcher & M. Clark (Eds.), Blackwell Handbook of social psychology: Interpersonal Processes (pp. 437-456). Oxford, England: Blackwell.

Baumeister, R. F. (2001). Ego depletion, the executive function, and self-control: An energy model of the self in personality. In B. W. Roberts, & R. Hogan (Eds.), Personality psychology in the workplace. (pp. 299-316). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. doi: 10.1037/10434-012.

Baumeister, R. F. (2001). Self-regulation in adulthood. In N. Smelser & P. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (pp. 13859-13862). Oxford, England: Pergamon Elsevier.

Baumeister, R. F., & Twenge, J. M. (2001) Personality and social behavior. In N. Smelser & P. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (pp. 11276-11281). Oxford, England: Pergamon Elsevier.

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Baumeister, R.F., & Tice, D.M. (2000). The social dimension of sex. New York: Allyn & Bacon.

Baumeister, R. F. (2000). Gender differences in erotic plasticity: The female sex drive as socially flexible and responsive. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 347-374. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.126.3.347

Muraven, M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2000). Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: Does self-control resemble a muscle? Psychological Bulletin, 126, 247-259. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.126.2.247.

Baumeister, R. F., Catanese, K. R., Campbell, W. K., & Tice, D. M. (2000). Nature, culture, and explanations for erotic plasticity: Reply to Andersen, Cyranowski, and Aarestad (2000) and Hyde and Durik (2000). Psychological Bulletin, 126, 385-389. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.126.3.385.

Leary, M.R., & Baumeister, R.F. (2000). The nature and function of self-esteem: Sociometer theory. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 32, pp. 1-62). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Baumeister, R. F., Muraven, M., & Tice, D. M. (2000). Ego depletion: A resource model of volition, self-regulation, and controlled processing. Social Cognition, 18, 130-150. doi: 10.1521/soco.2000.18.2.130.

Baumeister, R.F., & Exline, J.J. (2000). Self-control, morality, and human strength. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 19, 29-42. doi: 10.1037/10357-001

Baumeister, R.F. (2000). Ego depletion and the self’s executive function. In A. Tesser, R. Felson, & J. Suls (Eds.), Psychological perspectives on self and identity (pp. 9-33). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. doi: 10.1037/10357-001

Baumeister, R. F., Bushman, B. J., & Campbell, W. K. (2000). Self-esteem, narcissism, and aggression: Does violence result from low self-esteem or from threatened egotism? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9, 26-29. doi: 10.1111/1467-8721.00053.

Baumeister, R. F., & Bratslavsky, E. (2000). Victim thinking. In J. Harvey & E. Miller (Eds.), Loss and trauma: General and close relationship perspectives (pp. 86-101). Philadelphia, PA: Brunner-Routledge Taylor & Francis.

Tice, D. M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2001). The primacy of the interpersonal self. In C. Sedikides, & M. B. Brewer (Eds.), Individual self, relational self, collective self. (pp. 71-88). New York: Psychology Press.

Baumeister, R. F., Dale, K. L., & Muraven, M. (2000). Volition and belongingness: Social movements, volition, self-esteem, and the need to belong. In S. Stryker, T. J. Owens & R. W. White (Eds.), Self, identity, and social movements. (pp. 239-251). Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Exline, J. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (2000). Expressing forgiveness and repentance: Benefits and barriers. In M. McCullough, K. Pargament, C. Thoresen (Eds.), Forgiveness: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 133-155). New York: Guilford.

Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2000). Escaping the self consumes regulatory resources: A self-regulatory model of suicide. In T. E. Joiner, & M. D. Rudd (Eds.), Suicide science: Expanding the boundaries. (pp. 33-41). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.